Monday, September 15, 2014

Sate Nuri

Readers...My last posting was on the broken main rotor blade (click here). Now I was told of an incident of  broken tail rotor blades by a very experienced captain, Capt Wong Yoon Fatt of MHS.

Tail rotor malfunction on S 61 A 4 Nuri Helicopter

Many of my friend asked if I have ever experienced a real emergency while flying. The answer is a YES. I have todate about 18,000 plus hours on helicopters and another thousand on light fixed wing so the law of averages catches up once a while. One very serious emergency happened to me 29 years ago when I was serving in 7 Squadron, RMAF Kuching. The date was 9 Oct 1980 and I was a new "C" category captain on the Sikorsky S 61 A4 (Nuri) helicopter in the Royal Malaysian Air Force. Looking back at my log book I had just accumulated 1000 hrs at that time. On that eventful day, I was tasked to do a training flight with a co pilot. This is the time when we polish up our flying skills and in those days every pilot has to do 3 hours of training flight per month.
The sortie was a running change with my squadron commander. Running change means the aircraft has been started and flown and I just hop in to take the aircraft to continue my flight. When the squadron commander handed me the aircraft he told me the aircraft had some vibrations and I will have to enter the defect in the tech log after my sortie. So away I went to the training area in Santubong , North of Kuching airport. One of the exercises that we practice is an know just in case both the engines flame out together. I selected an area and did a practice autorotation aiming for that cleared patch. By 500 ft above ground level, I initiated power to recover from the autorotation. Suddenly, there was a "cracking" sound and the whole aircraft and the controls vibrated violently. Pedals vibrations were severe and there was limited control and instruments could not be read. I lowered the collective level and re entered into autorotaion and this time to land. Things happened very fast but suddenly everything seem to come in slow motion. Flashes of family and boyhood seems to come and go. Several MAYDAY calls were made and it was acknowledged by an MAS aircraft.

What seemed like a nice carpet of grass at 1000 ft now looks like a swamp and worst of all there were a lot of abandoned poles sticking upright. These poles were for the pepper farm and it is solid hard wood. Using all the skill that I had been taught in the Air Force, I managed to avoid the poles (otherwise it will be a satay helicopter!). Of course, my co pilot Lt M (u) Kamal (at that time) and Sgt Sharom played an important part in the successful forced landing.

After securing the helicopter we found the tail rotor blades had self destructed leaving only the spar. In those days, the tail was made of several rib pockets but after my incident (maybe a few more in the world) the blades were changed to honeycomb structures type .
The man in this picture is the first person to come over to the aircraft after I force landed. He gave us some hot Chinese tea which was very much appreciated. I revisited him a few days later and took this photo. Within an hour another Nuri helicopter came to our rescue and we were flown back to the base. In order for me to maintain my confidence, they made me do another flight the next day..a good idea.

The department of Flight Safety recognised that I had done a very good job and awarded me the Green Endorsement. This is the highest award for display of airmanship and skill in avoiding major disaster. I had been truely very lucky. However, throughout the later years I had several engine failures (seven in multi engine helicopters) and many more emergencies when I was flying microlights. I will write about it in this blog later. What all these emergencies had done to me is to make me a more matured and conservative pilot and not to take things for granted. In flying, there may be no second chance and as pilots we must take our chosen profession seriously.

Capt Wong Yoon Fatt

Visit Capt Wong's blog at and
Dear Friends....If you could spare a few minutes of your precious time, why not pen down your experiences and email them to me. It is high time  to let the rakyat know the contributions towards nation building via thee irons birds for posterity. And, if I have enough materials, I might seriously think of publishing another book, insyaAllah.

Capt Wong...Thank you.

Monday, September 8, 2014

Terrifying Vibration

A request for a story fulfilled....
MAIN ROTOR BLADE BROKE OFF IN FLIGHT INCIDENT On 16th January 1991 Near Bukit Gambir: By Capt Tien Sen An

On the 16th January 1991, I took over Nuri helicopter M23-12 from Capt Ravinder who did a VIP flight in the morning. My task was a comm flight to Singapore.  We took off from Sempang (RMAF KL) after lunch with 12 POB for Singapore. At the same time I was doing a Standard Checked on Capt Saadan, who was a D Cat captain who did a conversion from Alloutte captain to Nuri Captain and my crewman was Sjn Gobi Raja. I was on the Left seat.

Initially, en-route weather was good and we cruised at 3000’. After Seremban, weather started to come in, cloud started to build up. We had to descend to 2000’ to maintain VMC. As we passed a beam of Malacca, weather got worse; we slowly had to descend further to about 1000’ or below to maintain VMC.

As we passed a beam of Muar over Bukit Gambir, suddenly there was a very loud “bang”, as if the aircraft was being shot at and the aircraft immediately went into very severe vibrations, I reduced speed and lowered the collective quickly to autorotate. Aircraft vibrations were so severed, all the caution and advisory lights came on and off, it was like Christmas tree and then all the controls became very hard. Aircraft started to roll to the left, the retreating side and diving down. I told Capt Saadan to follow me  through on the controls as we tried to level the aircraft.

As we were going down, we only saw the ground. We saw the trunk road, a school field and rubber estate. As the vibrations were so severed and the controls were hard over, I decided to go for rubber estate for the landing as it can cushion the impact. Just before we crashed land the aircraft, suddenly we saw a row of houses in the rubber estate in front of us, we quickly pulled the cyclic to the right and aft as hard as we can to flare the aircraft to avoid those houses and reduce the rate of descend to cushion the landing. The aircraft responded and ………we saw the sky. We just continued to pull on all the controls very hard before we crashed to cushion the landing. 

While going down, there was a fast flash back of my life in my mind until the aircraft crashed and the flash back stopped. (Later I checked with Capt Saadan and Sjn Gobi Raja, they also experienced the same thing). As we crashed through the rubber trees, I covered my face with my hands and closed my eyes for the impact. Aircraft came to a sudden stopped; I opened my eyes and saw the windscreen cracked and can’t belief that I am still alive. And I looked at Capt Saadan, he also was alive. I quickly pulled both the speed levers back to shut off and shout for evacuation. As I looked back to the cabin, I only saw Maj Azmi, our Officer mess PMC /OC admin of KL Base still trying to climb the steps on the front passenger door to get out. All the other passengers had evacuated. I jumped out from my seat, and then pushed Maj Azmi out off the aircraft and shout at Capt Saadan to get out, but he was still jumping up and down on his seat as he forgot to unbuckle his seat belt. I shouted at him “buka seat belt”, he did as told, and then he evacuated from the aircraft. 

After evacuated the aircraft, I briefly checked around the wreckage and did a roll call for all on board and checked whether anyone was injured. It was a great surprised that none of the passengers was injured except my crewman Sjn Gobi Rajah, his palm has a cut because he was thrown forward to my seat, left seat; which has a weapon rack installed for crew’s weapons storage during the impact. He was thrown forward because he was on a monkey harness. He walked around to ensure everyone was strapped in before the impact (He did a very good job to ensure every passenger were strap in. A few of the passengers who were aircrew help him out as well to ensure all were strapped in), and I had a back pained.

After the roll called and checking on injury, I walked round the crashed aircraft again which was leaning against a tree to check on the damages in more details. I found the tail section was broken; four Main Rotor Blades broken and left with the root ends only with some part of the blade sleeve and another blade still intact at the rotor hub, but the rotor hub already opened up. The blade was without part of blade tip section. Both engines cracked and oil was leaking out. Left undercarriage collapsed as the aircraft landed on the left side. One small tree stump pock through from the bottom of the left side and hit the bottom of the left seat (Luckily it was an armoured chair, if not my back side “kena sula”). Whole aircraft was badly damaged.

After assessing the situation, I and my crew sat down for discussion for the next plan of actions. During the discussion, I said, “all of us survived”; all started to smile. I told them my next action plan. (During the discussion, I took a stick of cigarette from Sjn Gobi which he offered me and started to smoke, my first cigarette in 5 years as I had stopped smoking for 5 years). 

I went to the nearest house, a Chinese rubber tapper’s house to ask whether they have any house phone which I can make calls to 10 Squadron. The house owner was very helpful, told me to use the phone and offer us drinks as well.

I called up 10 Squadron Ops room. WO Mohana answered the called and I told him “I just survived a crashed, all on board are safe, and we need the SAR aircraft”. I think he was shocked and disbelieved, he asked me whether I am joking. I told him no, I am not joking. He then asked again, “how was the aircraft?” I told him, “it’s a complete write off.’ Then I passed him the coordinates, contact number of the Chinese small holder and told him to inform POTU.

Not too long after I made the phone call, a Police Range Rover came by (I think the kampong people must have informed the polis station about the crash) and asked what happened? I told the policemen we just crashed and I need to go to the police station to make a report, and also make a report to POTU as well.

After making the police report, we came back to the crashed side and waited for the rescue team or the SAR aircraft. About this time, some reporters and the kampong people had arrived at the crashed side and I have to stop them from taking pictures of the crashed aircraft.

About an hour plus after the crashed, the first SAR aircraft to arrive was from TUDM Kluang led by its Commandant, Lt Col (U) Goh Seng Toh, and the second SAR aircraft was from 10 Squadron led by Lt Col (U) Affendi Mustapha, which arrived about half an hour later.

I handed over the crashed aircraft to Lt Col (U) Affendi, CO of 10 Squadron. Later, all of us were airlifted back to KL base and send to IAM for medical checked up.  

Capt Tien Sen An PTU....Thank you.

Sunday, August 31, 2014




Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Tugu-Negara-Malaysia-03.jpg

Monday, August 18, 2014

Tinggal Dalam Kenangan

Malam semalam saya terima WhatsApp daripada seorang juruterbang heli mengatakan Kapt Ridzuan Tajuddin telah meninggal dunia. Arwah adalah seorang juruterbang syarikat Hornbill, Kuching. Menurut Kapt Tien, arwah terlibat dalam satu kemalangan 3-4 minggu sudah. Selepas keluar hospital di Kuching, arwah terpaksa dikejarkan semula ke ICU disebabkan jangkitan kuman. Jenazah akan disemadikan di Tanah Perkuburan Sg Udang, Melaka, selepas zohor hari ini, 18/8/14, insyaAllah.

Saya mengenali arwah ketika beliau berkhidmat dengan saya di No 5 Skuadron, TUDM Labuan, di suatu ketika dulu (klik di sini).

Mereka yang telah pergi. Bertinggung dari kiri: mendiang Lt (U) James Tingom, arwah Sjn Ibrahim. Berdiri tengah: 4 dari kiri dengan cermin mata arwah Lt (U) Mohd Merejok, arwah Lt (U) Ridzuan (21/3/84)


Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Lahirnya Skuadron Nuri

Kajian saya memerlukan saya mencungkil sejarah awal ketibaan Nuri dan penubuhan No 7 & No 10 Skuadron. Kedua-dua skuadron tersebut ditubuhkan pada  Januari 1968 dengan Sqn Ldr Mohamad Ngah (arwah. Bersara Lt Jen Tan Sri, xPTU) sebagai Ketua No 7 Skn dan Sqn Ldr Ben Lee (kini menetap di Auckland, NZ) sebagai Ketua No 10 Skn. Ben Lee adalah QHI pertama TUDM. Buat permulaan, skn2 tersebut ditempatkan di TUDM Kuantan. No 7 Skn hanya berpindah ke TUDM Kuching pada Jun 1969 dengan Sqn Ldr Ahmad Merican sebagai Ketua Skuadron (arwah. Bersara Mej Jen Dato', TPTU). Mohamad Ngah memegang teraju No 7 Skn hanya 4 bulan sahaja setelah beliau ditukar ke Kuching sebagai Pegawai Memerintah pada Mei 1968. Sebelum perpindahan skn ke Kuching, Ben Lee  memangku jawatan Ketua No 7 Skn.

Ihsan Buku Scrap No 3 Skn

Pada Mei 1968,  kesemua 10 Nuri yang ditempah telah berada di Kuantan. OCU (Operational Conversion Unit) ditubuhkan oleh Flt Lt Don Geddes (QHI), juruterbang RAF yang dipinjamkan ke TUDM. Seorang lagi QHI ialah Fg Off Mike Betts. Mereka ditugas melaksanakan kursus 'conversion' ke Nuri. Selain mentadbir 2 skuadron, Ben Lee turut membantu menkonversi para juuterbang. Dipendekkan cerita, sehingga Disember 1968, jumlah kru Nuri ialah seramai 31 orang untuk mengendali 10 buah pesawat untuk tugas utamanya memberi mobiliti udara kepada PK di seluruh negara. Mereka terpaksa membuat detasmen di Kuching, Labuan dan juga Butterworth. Pelopor-pelopor adalah seperti berikut:

A. Kapten:
  1. Sqn Ldr Ben Lee.
  2. Flt Lt Don Geddes (mendiang).
  3. Flt Lt Ahmad Merican.
  4. Flt Lt Peter Yuen.
  5. Flt Lt Oon Lye Hock.
  6. Fg Off Mike Betts.
  7. Fg Off David Bailey (RAF).
  8. Fg Off Derek Martin. Kembali ke Singapura setelah berpisah dengan Malaysia. 
  9. Fg Off Terry Loh (mendiang).             - sama -  
B. Co-pilot:
  1. Kapt Fauzi Hussain.
  2. Kapt Ahmad Azizah.
  3. Lt Nawi Alias.
  4. Lt Richard Jalleh (kini menetap di Perth, Australia).
  5. Plt Off Harun Ayob.
  6. Plt Off Mustaffa.
  7. Plt Off Peter Wong.
  8. Plt Off Stephen Ngiau (mendiang).
  9. Plt Off Selvakumar.
  10. Plt Off Eddy Yong.
  11. Plt Off Raja Mohamed.
  12. Plt Off Jamaludin (arwah).
C. KU (AQM):
  1. Sjn Mohd Isa.
  2. Sjn Abdullah Basirun.
  3. Sjn Ramli Hassan.
  4. Sjn Chin Kit Beng.
  5. Sjn Chong Ngit Seng.
  6. Sjn Lai Kam Tak (mendiang).
  7. Sjn Thesigan.
  8. Sjn Tharma Singh.
  9. Sjn Surinder Singh.
  10. Sjn Manoharan. 
Itulah secebis sejarah No 7 & No 10 Skn. Jika terdapat kesilapan fakta, harap maklum saya untuk diperbetulkan. Juga, saya menghargai jika terdapat para pembaca yang sedia menyumbang bahan2 sejarah, termasuk gambar, peta, dll. Harap emel pada saya di Terima kasih.

Dato Fauzi, Dato Nawi, Richard Jalleh, Ben Lee, Peter Yuen, Peter Wong, Raja Mohamed, Mohd Isa, Abdullah....Terima kasih.   

Saturday, July 26, 2014

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Pembelajaran Sepanjang Hayat

Syukur alhamdulillah...Akhirnya perjuangan saya untuk mendapatkan diskaun bagi warga emas yang berhasrat 'memformalizekan' pengalaman mereka berjaya. Pagi tadi, seorang pegawai  kanan UUM memaklumkan pada saya bahawa IPTA tersebut bersetuju mewujudkan satu 'dasar' untuk memberi diskaun 50% kepada kategori siswa-siswi ini yang nak ambil 'post-graduate studies'. Apakah dasar itu? Pemohon yang layak hanya 6-series, 60 tahun dan  ke atas, dan terhad kepada tuition fees saja. Ini bermakna yuran tuisyen  untuk part time ialah PhD yang perlu saya bayar hanyalah RM675 saja; sekarang RM1350/semester untuk sapa ambil separuh masa. Bayaran pendaftaran, insuran & kesihatan tu tak ada le diskaun. Pada saya, itu pun dah cukup.

Sebenonya, saya telah mengajukan perkara diskaun ini pada VC UUM semenjak Nov 2013 lagi, sebelum memohon untuk mengikuti pengajian pun lagi....

From: nor ibrahim sulaiman
Sent: Monday, 18 November 2013 7:13 AM
To: Profesor Dato' Dr. Mohamed Mustafa B Ishak


Saya menyokong sepenuh laungan kerajaan terhadap perkara di atas. Namun demikian, faktor yang mungkin membantut nawaitu bakal peserta ialah kewangan.

Saya turut berminat untuk melanjutkan pengajian PhD di UUM jika diberi peluang, insyaAllah. Faktor yang perlu diambil kira ialah kos. Saya adalah seorang pesara tentera dan di usia lanjut ini, sumber pendapatan adalah pencen dan simpanan.

Sekadar bertanya, tiadakah dasar galakan UUM memberi potongan yuran kepada warga emas/veteran tentera?

Pertimbangan Dato' sangat dihargai. Terima kasih.


Ini respons beliau....

From: Profesor Dato' Dr. Mohamed Mustafa B Ishak <>;
To: nor ibrahim sulaiman <>;
Sent: Sun, Nov 17, 2013 11:57:44 PM

Salam. InsyaAllah ada. Boleh memohon.

Bab nak belajo ni, jujur saya katakan saya bermula dengan '0' knowledge tentang kemudahan yang sedia ada. Engkohnya, sapa yang dah ada 'Master', depa boleh minta pengecualian kursus 'Research Methodology' dan 'Academic Writing'. Mind you, yuran 2 kursus ini ialah RM1200. Mungkin kepada mereka yang poket seluarnya tak berlubang, what is there RM1200. Tanpa pengecualian, pelajar dikehendaki lulus ke2-2nya untuk meneruskan kajian.  Bila dapat pengecualian itu, RM itu akan dikreditkan ke semester seterusnya dan tak perlu hadir kursus2 tersebut. Sama ada diberi pengecualian ke2-2 kursus atau hanya 1 saja, terpulang kepada Kolej berkenaan.

Saya juga tanya sana-sini, sekiranya ada sesuatu badan yang menyediakan biasiswa kepada siswa veteran macam saya ni. Ya lah, ada ke badan yang nak membiayai orang dah mencecah 65 tahun ke atas. Apa sumbangan yang depa akan perolehi nanti, betul tak? Al-kisah seorang kenalan menyarankan saya cuba Kementerian Pendidikan. Kementerian tersebut telah mewujudkan skim MyBrain15, klik di siniBiasiswa itu meliputi yuran pengajian tidak melebihi RM24k dan 1 time payment RM5k untuk jurnel, persiapan tesis, dan sebagainya sepanjang pengajian. Tapi jika gagal, kena le kembalikan semua ongkos yg telah diberikan. Yang bestnya, skim ini tidak menghadkan umur pemohon. Ini bermakna veteran ini layak memohon. Jadi, saya pun pohon le. Saya dimaklumkan keputusan akan diketahui pada Ogos nanti, wallahualam. Kalau ada rezeki, syukur alhamdulillah. Jika tidak, redha saja le, apa nak dikatakan, dah tak ada rezeki.  Sekurang-kurangnya saya telah mencuba.

Para 6 series dan ke atas....Peluang sudah ada. Jalan sudah dibuka. Kemudahan telah dimaklumkan. Jika ada masa terluang, mengapa tidak formalizekan pengalaman berpuluh2 tahun tu supaya ia dapat dihayati oleh generasi akan datang. Berjaya atau sebaliknya, tu cerita lain. Namun demikian, janganlah sampai nak tension dibuatnya. Ini bukannya satu kemestian pun. Relax2 saja dan ambil masa sendiri...Take your time kerana ia bukannya penentu masa hadapan pun. Bukannya ada kenaikan pangkat atau pencen. Bagi saya, hanya untuk kepuasan diri...personal satisfaction. Itu saja. Pokoknya, hak kita hanyalah merancang dan berusaha, Allah menentukanaya. Apa jua end resultnya, pasti ada hikmah, wallahualam.